Rabu, 22 Februari 2017

Spirited Away by Studio Ghibli

Spirited Away





Spirited Away is one of the world’s most successful animated fantasy movies directed by Hayao Miyazaki and produced by Studio Ghibli in 2001. Spirited Away has made US$ 289.1 million and also won the title of 'Best Animated Feature film' at the 75th Academy Awards, and to any viewer's surprise, this film was unscripted and it finished its story during the production period. Anime fan or not, one cannot deny that Spirited Away has been one of the most iconic animated films ever made.

The movie revolves around an arrogant and sullen young girl named Chihiro who gets sidetracked while travelling along with her parents towards their new home and takes a wrong turn to an ominous-looking dirt road that leads them to an entrance of a discarded amusement park. The place's atmosphere is so calm and smooth, it has appealing weather, dry river and some old weird and abandoned houses nearby the park. 
Her parents devide to  wander around and explore the place more, which ultimately gets them to one of the restaurant stalls piled up with various delicious foods awaiting to be served with no workers or customers around. They get tempted to have them despite Chihiro's warn to not eat the foods. 


After failed attempts, Chihiro leaves her parents to fill their stomach and goes off to discover the mysterious park where she meets the boy master Haku who immediately warns her to depart the place with her parents before the dark. But unfortunately the darkness of night prevails and shadowy spirits fill the park. She runs towards the restaurant and finds her parents to be converted into large pigs. She screams for her parents everywhere but are nowhere to be found. 


With hopeless heart of not getting her parents back and fear of being caught, she tries to run away from everyone’s sight and hides behind the wall where she finds herself to be becoming transparent with the growing night. 


Haku and Chihiro (Sen)

 
All of a sudden, master Haku returns to her and instructs her how to rescue her parents. Here the real journey of restoring her parents from pigs to the former-self begins. 
The fight seems to be challengingly tough against the powerful faceless creatures and strange looking inhabitants of distressing spirit world. 


She starts and keeps fighting against the all odds, winning the heats of even evil spirits and monsters with her humble attitude and generosity until she rescues her parents and her friend master Haku who assists her throughout the adventurous and dangerous journey.

Almost all Studio Ghibli's movies have such a wonderful plot and character that inspired many people. Princess Mononoke, The tale of the Princess Kaguya, Arietty, and The Grave of the Fireflies are few of my favorite Studio Ghibli's movies. AndSpirited Away is my Studio Ghibli's all time favorite movie. The movie has special place in my heart because it taught me many life lessons. My heart always touched and warmed everytime I watch the movie. Things I have learnt from The movie are :

1. When you get up and face your fears one by one, they will never dare to frighten you anymore. Chihiro was so undoubtedly frightened for being among weird and stressful creatures of the spirits world. She even wants to think that all are  only a bad dreams and she will wake up soon. But then she learnt that her fright would not help her parents, so she brave her heart and get up to face her fears. Once she was exposed to her deepest fear, she felt free from strong negative emotions and got the real perspective of the world which helped her to bounce back and take on the real struggles of life.

2. Help others on their Purposeful Journey to the Destination.
Chihiro helped every spirits in need even when she was in hurry. She helped No-Face who lost his minds in the Bath House. She doesn’t hesitate to clean a horribly-smelling spirit when everybody else denies touching him. And at the end the spirit gave her a magic herbal cake that helps to cure any ilness.  She also doesn’t leave Haku alone while he is attacked by birds and gets seriously injured. She even willed to go far away from the Bath House  to get Zeniba's forgiveness for Haku's theft. And what I can learn is, "when you help people around with your generosity and tenacity, people feel the gratitude to help you back even if you don’t ask for." 

3. Don’t be content with the precious gifts you have received without working hard for having them. They are illusionary and treacherous and can betray you at any point of time.
 In the movie, No-Face lures everyone with gold, at the same time he fails to attract Chihiho. She doesn’t accept his offers as she finds no logical reason or necessity for having them and she never regrets.


I also impressed by one of Spirited Away's quotes that Zeniba said, it was : 

"Once you've met someone you never really forget them. It just takes a while for your memories to return"

I think it's true, that nothing that happens is ever forgetten, even if you cannot remember it. I don't know why but Iam quite relieved to hear it.. It is the feeling that you cannot just describe it in words, I think..


                                                                   










Selasa, 10 Januari 2017

Trip to Bangkok



On my last holiday I, my parents, and my sister went to Bangkok, Thailand. We stayed there for three days and 2 nights. We went there by AirAsia airplane. Because there was not any flight from Bandung airport to Bangkok airport, we  must flew from Jakarta airport.

December 30, 2016

In afternoon I and my family went to Jakarta by shuttle bus. We arrived in Jakarta at more or less 9 p.m. In Jakarta we stayed in Orchardz Hotel for a night. We were so tired, so we just had a late dinner and then went to bed. We should check-out tomorrow at 3 a.m. and went to the airport.

December 31, 2016

We arrived in Soekarno-Hatta International Airport by 4.30 a.m. and printed our boarding-pass. We could not sat in the waiting room yet because it was still to early to open the waiting room. So we all sat on lazy chairs outside the waiting room.

The waiting room opened at 5.30. we moved and found four chairs to sat down.

We flew at about 7 a.m. The flight would take about four hours. We arrived in Don Mueang International Airport Bangkok at about 10. We did not have any luggage entrusted so we just went out and took a taxi.

We went to our hotel in Sukhumvit by taxi. The driver could not spoke English much, we also could not spoke Tagalog. So we just made communication by body language or by google maps. That was so funny and awkward at the same time.

Our hotel was located near the Chao Phraya great river. After took a rest in our hotel, we went to Chatuchack Market. We went there by taxi. We arrived there at about 5 p.m.

Chatuchak (read ; Jatujak) was a weekend-market in Bangkok. Chatuchak is one of the world's largest weekend market covers area of 27 acres divided altogether in 27 sections.  There were over 15.000 booths that sold souvenirs, traditional and unique foods, and anything that is also Thailand-ish. We were shopping for hours. Actually, we were not bought so many things. I myself am just walked and explored the market and bought souvenirs and goods that I really wanted. My sister bought a super cute Pokemon headband. My parents bought couple of leather passport cover for 200 baht. My mom bought a olive colored customize wallet for my Grandma. She also added a white elephant charm there. Then we ate some foods in a halal restaurant that recommended by my mom. we bought the famous food from Bangkok, mango sticky rice. After that we walked again and enjoyed the atmosphere.

I ever heard a legend quote about Chatuchak Market. It said "Once you entered one of Chatuchak Market gates, you will never out by the same gate.". I did not know why but that was so funny to me. And it was true!  Our adventure in Chatuchak ended at about 8 p.m. Never did I went shopping in a weekend market for this long time. Chatuchak was such a nice place.

After left Chatuchak, we went to Asiatique. There we saw unique foods, traditional dancers, live mannequin, and more. We actually were just explored the place. We saw the famous Chao Phraya river and the great wheel. Then we went back to our hotel by taxi. We did not saw any firework during the new year eve because the country was on sorrow. They were mourning on the King's death, King Bhumibol. So we just celebrated the new year in our hotel.

January 1, 2017

After had breakfast, we went to Siam Mall. Siam Mall was a 3rd of the largest mall in Thailand. They had three mall with different kinds. There were Siam Paragon, Siam Discovery, and Siam Center. First, we went to Siam Discovery. The design in Siam Discovery were modern, monochromic, and simple. We went to Madame Tussauds. In Madame Tussauds we took photos of the mannequin and took selfies with them. The mannequins is really realistic. But it was hard to took selfies that looks so real. I brought a camera and took many photographs of my family and the mannequins. I myself am did not have many photos because I was too busy with my camera. So my family took photos of me by their smartphones. In Madame Tussauds we also made mannequins of our hands.

January 2, 2017

On January 2 2017 we went to Grand Palace and Wat Pho. But we were only had time for exploring Wat Pho. Wat Pho, or named The Reclining Buddha, located near our hotels, Chao Phraya. It was one of the oldest buddha in Bangkok. We arrived in Wat Pho at about 11 a.m. We spent about 2 hours to exploring the place. The place was beautiful, rich of color, and also clean. I took several photos there. It was so hard to took the reclining Buddha's photos because it was so huge. Many buddhists were also prayed there. It was so crowded and the weather was also pretty hot. We bought two Thailand's traditional umbrella for 200 Baht. The seller gave us special price from 340 Baht each to 100 Baht each.

We went out to the street and took a taxi. We went to local's mosque to pray and then ate some food. Thailand's foods was anti-mainstream. After meals, I and my sister bought two milkshakes and we got super big portions. We felt so full after finished the drinks up. Then we went back to our hotels and checked out. We went straightly to Don Mueang Airport and flew back to our home sweet home.


I loved that experience. I hope I could back again to Thailand and go to others unique places.

The End







Selasa, 22 November 2016

Florence Nightingale, The mother of Nurses

Florence Nightingale (The Lady with the Lamp)

Florence Nightingale was born on May 12, 1820 in Florence, Italy. She was an english social reformer , statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. Nightingale was put in charge of nursing British and allied soldiers in Turkey during the Crimean War. She spent many hours in the wards, and her night rounds giving personal care to the wounded established her image as the “Lady with the Lamp.” Her efforts to formalize nursingeducation led her to establish the first scientifically based nursing school—the Nightingale School of Nursing, at St. Thomas’ Hospital in London(opened 1860). 





She was born in an era when middle-class women were expected to simply make a good marriage and raise a family, Florence sensed a ‘calling’ from God at an early age and believed she was destined to do something greater with her life. As a child, she was very academic and particularly interested in mathematics. Her religion gave her a strong sense of moral duty to help the poor and, over time, she held a growing belief that nursing was her God-given vocation. She was also perhaps set to follow the family tradition of reform mindedness, such as the example set by her maternal grandfather who was an anti-slavery campaigner.

Determined to pursue her true calling despite her parents' objections, in 1844, Nightingale enrolled as a nursing student at the Lutheran Hospital of Pastor Fliedner in Kaiserswerth, Germany. In the early 1850s, Nightingale returned to London, where she took a nursing job in a Middlesex hospital for ailing governesses. Her performance there so impressed her employer that Nightingale was promoted to superintendant within just a year of being hired. 

In October of 1853, the Crimean War broke out. The British Empire was at war against the Russian Empire for control of the Ottoman Empire. By 1854, no fewer than 18,000 soldiers had been admitted into military hospitals.

In late 1854, Nightingale received a letter from Secretary of War Sidney Herbert, asking her to organize a corps of nurses to tend to the sick and fallen soldiers in the Crimea. Nightingale rose to her calling. She quickly assembled a team of 34 nurses from a variety of religious orders, and sailed with them to the Crimea just a few days later.

In additional to vastly improving the sanitary conditions of the hospital, Nightingale created a number of patient services that contributed to improving the quality of their hospital stay. She instituted the creation of an "invalid's kitchen" where appealing food for patients with special dietary requirements was cooked. She established a laundry so that patients would have clean linens. She also instituted a classroom and a library, for patients' intellectual stimulation and entertainment.

While at Scutari, Nightingale had contracted "Crimean fever" and would never fully recover. By the time she was 38 years old, she was homebound and bedridden, and would be so for the remainder of her life. Fiercely determined, and dedicated as ever to improving health care and alleviating patients’ suffering, Nightingale continued her work from her bed.

Residing in Mayfair, she remained an authority and advocate of health care reform, interviewing politicians and welcoming distinguished visitors from her bed. In 1859, she published Notes on Hospitals, which focused on how to properly run civilian hospitals.



In August 1910, Florence Nightingale fell ill, but seemed to recover and was reportedly in good spirits. A week later, on the evening of Friday, August 12, 1910, she developed an array of troubling symptoms. She died unexpectedly at 2 pm the following day, Saturday, August 13, at her home in London.

QUIZZES ✨

1. When was Nightingale born?
A. May 12 1820
B. August 13 1910
C. May 2 2002
D. April 23 1919

2. How many nurses are there on Nightingale's team in when she assembled it on the Crimean War?
A. 31
B. 32
C. 22
D. 34

3. What was Nightingale's illness in Scutari?
A. Dengue fever
B. Crimean fever
C. Scutarian fever
D. Influenza

4. In which nursing school Nightingale's was study at?
A. Scutarian Nursing Skill School
B. Lutheran Hospital of Pastor Fliedner
C. Deutschland Hospital 
D. London Nursing University 

5. Below was Nightingale's improvisations in Crimean Hospital, except...
A. Invalid's kitchen
B. A laundry
C. A park
D. A classroom



References 
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Florence-Nightingale
http://www.florence-nightingale.co.uk/resources/biography/?v=b718adec73e0
http://www.florence-nightingale.co.uk/resources/biography/?v=b718adec73e0
http://duniaiptek.com/biografi-florence-nightingale-the-lady-with-the-lamp/

Selasa, 01 November 2016

Cacti

CACTUS




Cactus are succulent xerophytes. Succulents are plants that store large quantities of water in their leaves, stems, or roots, giving them a fleshy (succulent) character. Their leaves have been sublimated to spines (to reduce water loss).

A cactus (plural: cacticactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae. The  family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales. The word "cactus" derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek κάκτοςkaktos, a name originally used by Theophrastus for a spiny plant whose identity is not certain.

Cacti are native to the Americas, ranging from Patagonia in the south to parts of western Canada in the north—except for Rhipsalis baccifera, which also grows in Africa and Sri Lanka.

most cacti employ a special mechanism called “Crassulacean Acid Metabolism" (CAM) as part of photosynthesis. Transpiration does not take place during the day at the same time as photosynthesis, but instead occurs at night. Because transpiration takes place during the cooler, more humid night hours, water loss is significantly reduced.

The 1,500 to 1,800 species of cacti mostly fall into one of two groups of "core cacti": Opuntias  and Cactoids.

They have fleshy succulent stems that are major organs of photosynthesis. Cactus stems are often visibly waxy. They have absent, small, or transient leaves. All cacti have areoles—highly specialized short shoots with extremely short internodes that produce spines, normal shoots, and flowers. Most ground-living cacti have fine roots, spread out around the base of the plant for varying distances, close to the surface. 







They have flowers with ovaries that lie below the sepals and petals, often deeply sunken into a fleshy receptacle. The flower as a whole is usually radially symmetrical (actinomorphic), but may be bilaterally symmetrical (zygomorphic) in some species. The flower colors range from white through yellow and red to magenta.

Uses of Cactus

The plant now known as Opuntia ficus-indica, or the Indian fig cactus, has long been an important source of food. Both the fruit and pads are eaten, the former often under the Spanish name tuna, the latter under the name nopal. Cultivated forms are often significantly less spiny or even spineless. The nopal industry in Mexico was said to be worth US$150 million in 2007.


Fruits of other opuntias are also eaten, generally under the same name, tuna. Flower buds, particularly of Cylindropuntia species, are also consumed.

Almost any fleshy cactus fruit is edible. The fruit of the saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea) has long been important to the indigenous peoples of northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States, including the Sonoran Desert. It can be preserved by boiling to produce syrup and by drying. The syrup can also be fermented to produce an alcoholic drink. Fruits of Stenocereus species have also been important food sources in similar parts of North America; Stenocereus queretaroensis is cultivated for its fruit. In more tropical southern areas, the climber Hylocereus undatus provides pitahaya orejona, now widely grown in Asia under the name dragon fruit.


Cacti are often grown in greenhouses, particularly in regions unsuited to the cultivation of cacti outdoors, such the northern parts of Europe and North America. It can also grow indoors (in a pot).










Other uses :
1.    some cacti are employed in herbal medicine. The practice of using various species of Opuntia in this way has spread from the Americas.
2.    Cochineal (natural red-dye) is a red dye produced by a scale insect that lives on species of Opuntia.
3.    The woody parts of cacti, such as Cereus repandus and Echinopsis atacamensis, are used in buildings and in furniture.
4.    The very fine spines and hairs (trichomes) of some cacti were used as a source of fiber for filling pillows and in weaving.

Hobbitses Village (Hobbiton)

It's Bilbo Baggins village, The Shire (Hobbiton)





"In the hole in the ground there lived a Hobbit.  Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, filled with the ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a hobbit-hole, and that means comfort." -J.R.R. Tolkien, the first sentence of The Hobbit. 








The Hobbiton movie set was a location used for the lord of the rings film trilogy and the hobbit film series. It is located in Matamata-Piako District, Waikato, New Zealand. Now it is a Tolkien tourism destination, offering guided tours of the set.

Hobbiton is actually a farm since 1978. It is still farmed the same today and is run by the Alexanders family. Hobbiton runs approximately 13,000 sheep and 300 Angus beef cattle hence. The major sources of income are mutton, wool, and beef.


Peter Jackson, the director of the films, chooses the location for the hobbit village, The Shire. Jackson wrote: “I knew Hobbiton needed to be warm, comfortable and feel lived in. By letting the weeds grow through the cracks and establishing hedges and little gardens a year before filming, we ended up with an incredibly place, not just a film set.”

Site construction started in March 1999 and filming commended in December that year, continuing for three months. There was 37 hobbit holes were originally created with untreated timber, ply, and polystyrene. The set was rebuilt in 2011 for the hobbit films series.

It is now a 12 acres permanent attraction complete with 44 hobbit holes and associated gardens and hedges, a mill and double arch bridge, and erecting a 26-tonne oak above Bag End (Bilbo Baggins hole). There is also the famous Party Tree.


It is about a 2 hour drive from Auckland or ;
1.       From Hamilton : a 45 minute drive
2.       From rotorua : a 45 minute drive
3.       From taupo : one and a half hour drive
4.       From Tauranga : 45 minute drive
5.       From waitomo : one and a half hour drive


 It opens 7 days a week, 30 days a month, and along the year. Tours depart daily from the Shire’s Rest Café, 501 Buckland Road Matamata and from the Matamata & Rotorua i-SITEs. The ticket price is $79.000-$195.00. Children aged 0-9 and free and youth aged 9-16 are $39.50.

The venues

  • The Green Dragon InnThe Green Dragon was the meeting place for all residents of Hobbiton, who would gather in the warm surroundings of the bar to chatter about the day’s events. Inside the masterfully recreated pub, there are barrels filled with an exclusive Southfarthing ale, stout, cider and ginger beer. The scones, meat pies, and cheese platters they serve were also to die for. This venue fits up to 90 people. 

  • The ShireThe Shire Store features an extensive selection of souvenirs to remind you of your visit to the Hobbiton Movie Set. Situated to the right of The Shire’s Rest Cafe, the Shire Store stocks the exclusive Hobbit Southfarthing beverage range, an extensive range of Weta Collectibles, Tolkien books, Location Guidebooks, exclusive branded clothing and much more are all available for purchase. you can also buy elven robes, rings, Hobbiton beer,  Gandalf’s staff and more.

  • The Party Marquee. The Party Marquee is a fully themed, spacious location for large groups. The painted canvas exterior, vibrant bunting and colourful lanterns means your group will be immersed in the festive magic of the movies.

  • Yard Flat. Yard Flat has a stunning view overlooking the set and towards the iconic Party Tree. This area is purpose built and can be altered and adapted to suit your group’s needs. The garden bar stretches out towards the set and comfortably sits on top of the Hobbit Holes making for a perfect evening in The Shire.Yard Flat has been created to comfortably sit a 20x50m marquee which we can hire to put in place for your function.

  • The Marketplace. The Marketplace is a bustling, vibrant experience to tantalise the senses of your visitors. Guests will find themselves engulfed in the sights, smells, sounds and tastes of The Shire™. The market stalls are catered to your guest’s requirements and can consist of New Zealand cheeses, freshly baked artisan breads, cured meats, smoked fish, etc.


Hobbiton Quiz

1.       Which country Hobbiton located at?
a.       New Zealand
b.      New Guinea
c.       UK
d.      New South Wales

2.       Below are the major sources of Hobbiton farm income, except…
a.       Mutton
b.      Wool
c.       Beef
d.      Lamb

3.       What is the real name of the hobbits village in Hobbiton?
a.       Mordor
b.      The Shire
c.       Hogwarts
d.      The Siere

4.       The amount of the hobbit holes when they originally created is…
a.       37
b.      44
c.       24
d.      27

5.       What is the name of Bilbo Baggins hole?
a.       Longbottom
b.      Bag End
c.       Brandybuck
d.      Gamgee

6.       For what movie is Hobbiton first created?
a.       The Lord of The Rings
b.      Harry Potter
c.       The Chronicles of Narnia
d.      The Exorcist

7.       What is the name of this venue? https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-ukpPqLaDy5U/WBily5O8WxI/AAAAAAAAAMM/-YpccLxmMjw902Wo8fOGql9v1ytLJWhqgCLcB/s320/hobbiton-movie-set-4.DJ1FBg.jpg
a.       The Shire Store
b.      Brandybuck Store
c.       The Marketplace
d.      The Green Dragon

8.       Hobbiton is located in…
a.       South Wales
b.      Waikato
c.       Tokyo
d.      Bandung

9.       How much weight the oak above Bag End are?
a.       1 tonne
b.      20 tonne
c.       35 tonne

d.      26 tonne
Bibliography 
Big thanks to you, 
  1. http://www.hobbitontours.com/
  2. http://www.newzealand.com/in/plan/business/hobbiton-movie-set-tours/
  3. http://www.intercity.co.nz/tours/intercity-hobbiton-excursion-auckland-to-auckland/
  4. https://www.gapyear.com/articles/215653/hobbity-things-you-can-see-in-hobbiton
  5. http://livinginanotherlanguage.com/journey-middle-earth-hobbiton/